Giya Website tano na kunaba domadaorog ko kapapantagan a bitiyara ko politika sa Mindanao ago sa Pilimpinas, aya pamuntosan a website aya na so sumpad gowani o mga Mranao/Iranaon sa diron kalipati o kisalimbago a mga kagodaan
DI AKO MORO?
Iranon di ka moba na ranao di ka moragis ka ala andamanaya na tawan tawan daa ped
a kipentindegen ami ko ingaran na khadadag ka aya izalimbago na ilano a di kakal
a pimbabago a tema a dimi pezinirigan ka andang a miniropa o manga solimbag i tig
na odi kapagimani na khada so marawraw ka khaalin so padoman a asal a inigambar.
ka magonot ko pesamber na khaarogan ko reges ka iphagalin sa didaw so songka-songka inambar a sii miyakapoon sa inged a KADARAAN..!
By Alvin Maruhom (BI)
Dayamon sa Iranon a Romaruk a Tantaon a Dariday sa Bayabao a Lombay sa Dumagandar
madait na pangoyat na pangandag a kapupamamakinuga tano ko manga rinarinaoniyan na aya mala na so manga darangunian a kapagondoga manga oragis, kapuminoyod sa damoao ago kambatogun ipangoraw akun rukano a babae akun aya sa ilaya niyo sa Youtube so manga idaidaiyan sa basa darangen,
BAE TARHATA ALONTO-LUCMAN
first Muslim lady governor of Lanao del Sur
Princess Tarhata "Tata" Alonto Lucman is the first Muslim lady governor of Lanao del Sur, appointed in 1971. She is a member of one of the royal families of Maranao, she fought the Martial Rule of the deposed President Marcos. Known as Tata, she is better known as a rido (clan conflict) settler, noted in a TIME magazine article for helping the release of kidnapped nuns in Marawi City in 1986. From 2001, she has been leading the Muslim-dominated province of Lanao del Sur, the Autonomous Regional Government in Muslim Mindanao.
Born into royalty among Ramain’s Sultanates, Tata as a girl-child looked up to other pioneering Moro ladies like Princess Tarhata Kiram and Dayang Dayang Piandao of Sulu who were able to get educated and travel abroad and to the capital. Within her one year of schooling in her hometown, she was accelerated to grade 4 at the tender age of 6 years old.
The only English-speaking among the household, she acted as translator at the busy home of her father, Alauya Alonto , who was a religious leader and politician. Tata was reared in the world of politics. She assisted her father, who was “no read, no write” in his travels to Manila. This would be her training ground in the man’s world. Constantly defying rules, Tata also didn’t want to marry someone not her choice. She was constantly engaged by her family to men from Maranao buena pamilia , but she would break the betrothals . She would find that the constant visitor, mentor at her home would be interested in her. She soon married Sultan Al-Rashid Lucman.
AIMAN CAIRODEN PANGANDA O MRANAO
MSU's First Muslim Summa cum Laude
Aiman Cairoden, son of a poor Maranaw widow, just wanted to have a college diploma so he can have a decent job and help send his five siblings to school.
Cairoden did not just receive a college diploma on Thursday (April 4), but also brought honor and fame to his home-province of Lanao del Sur for graduating summa cum laude from the state-run Mindanao State University's (MSU) 2013 Bachelor of Science in Biology class.
He is the first ever Moro student to achieve such feat since the creation of the University in 1961.
The MSU is the biggest government-owned university in Mindanao.
Cairoden, son of a Maranaw driver who died in a car accident two years ago, is an ethnic Maranaw from the first district of Lanao del Sur.
Since the university was created in 1961, all of its summa cum laude graduates were non-Muslims, mostly Visayans.
Cairoden’s mother and siblings wept as he delivered his valedictory address before 1,926 graduates at the Dimaporo Gymnasium inside the MSU campus.
Cairoden was known in the MSU campus as a studious and frugal student, who spent his money wisely.
He has many Muslim and Christian friends from whom he borrowed science text books.
relatives said Cairoden is still uncertain if he would proceed to study medicine or immediately look for a job so he can help send his younger siblings to school.
SPEECH OF SULTAN KUDARAT
What have you done? Do you realize what subjection would reduce you to? A toilsome slavery under the Spaniards! Turn your eyes to the subject nations and look at the misery to which such glorious nation had been reduced to, look at the Tagalog and Visayan: Are you better than they? Do you think that the Spaniards consider you of better stuff? Have you not seen the Spaniards trample them under their feet? Do you not see everyday how they are obliged to work at the oars and the factories with all their rigors? Can you tolerate anyone with little Spanish blood to beat you up and grasp the fruits of your labor? Allow your selves to be subjects (today) and tomorrow you will be at the oars; I, at least will be a pilot, the biggest favor they will allow a chief. Do not let their sweet words deceive you; their promises facilities their deceits, which little by little, enable them to control everything, reflect on how even minor promises to the chief of other nations were not honored until they become master of them all, see now what is being done to these chief and how they are being led by rod.
THE CHOSEN ONE
by Maher Zain
In a time of darkness and greed It is your light that we need You came to teach us how to live Muhammad Ya Rasool Allah
You were so caring and kind Your soul was full of light You are the best of mankind Muhammad Khaira Khalqillah Sallu ‘ala Rasulillah, Habib Al Mustafa Peace be upon The Messenger The Chosen One
From luxury you turned away And all night you would pray Truthful in every word you say Muhammad Ya Rasul Allah
Your face was brighter than the sun Your beauty equaled by none You are Allah’s Chosen One Muhammad Khaira Khalqillah Sallu ‘ala Rasulillah, Habib Al Mustafa Peace be upon The Messenger The Chosen One
I will try to follow your way And do my best to live my life As you taught me I pray to be close to you On that day and see you smile When you see me Sallu ‘ala Rasulillah, Habibil Mustafa Peace be upon The Messenger The Chosen One
Sallu ‘ala Rasulillah, Habibi Mustafa Peace be upon The Messenger The Chosen One
Managontaman tano ka oba mindarainon so simba tano ko tohan sa aya kapiya niyan na ikhawatan so dungki na ilaod so kasiig na talakun so kariit sa di tatatpun sa pikir sa aya tano thodayan so olaola mapiya a parangay a matanos na ikasoy ko phangampong so ka iisa o bansa na imbalingan sa ranao so kapung-giginawai a dii miphapandayan ko darpa ko phangampong a pud a pinto o simba a kakasi o Muslim sa ingud aya Ranao, na di tano puribonun so taritib na igma ka giyanan I pasodan a ki darpa ko panggao a kisong ko maliwanag a darpa mamondiong a lalayonon so rinao,
Lindingun ta so ingud sa tanorun so simokut ka phagaolan sa ranaw so gipakanggiginara o singanin o madakul ka so damakasanipa a dadun makandapata a isabo sa ompongan na miakapulaoda ka sabapan ko pangkatan(politics) a minilut ko kanggaring na miakaonotompun a kaliwatan so sumpad na karundan so taritib a piagayonayonan a ping-giginawaiyan o mona miamagingud ko pat a mombao ko ranaw, na pamaginakolaan sa ditano purundanun so igma na taritib ka ayabo da kaogun o paninggalan o ranaw a posaka ko rawatun(Nabi Mohammad) ka oda so maratabat na mabalon ko bangsa sa kapuphananadumi ko agama a islam a inilinding ko ingud ko iranon pipharasan a ranaw piphandaraan, na muraranona tano na ikasoy ko phangampong so kaiisa o bansa ka kanonogon o pangampong ago so puphangampongon ka kada so rangka manis ka magonot ko pimbago a limpangan ko pagingud,
LEGENDARY MARANAO HERO
AMAI PAKPAK (DATU AKADIR)
A fearless Maranao warrior, Amai Pakpak, also known as Datu Akadir, born in Buadi sa Kayo, lived and died for the cause of Muslim freedom. He was famous for his heroic military exploits against the Spaniards, particularly in his defense of the legendary Kota Marahui (Marawi), the fortification made of earth and stone, which he had built. The Kota served as a bulwark against the Spanish invasions of 1891 and 1895.
Today, Kota Marahui is now known as Camp Amai Pakpak. The nearest landmark, located several meters away, is the Agus 2 hydraulic plant since 1650, when the Maranaos routed the Spanish expeditionary forces sent by Governor Corcuera, Lake Lanao had been free of foreign intrusion. It was not until 1891 that the Spaniards sent another invading force to try to capture the lake area. Personally led by Governor-General Valeriano Weyler, the campaign, begun in April, aimed to establish military strongholds in key points over Lanao and Cotabato. To carry this out, Weyler organized more than a thousand troops who were transported to Iligan Bay by four ships packed with military supplies. The main objective was Kota Marahui, which had been heavily fortified by cannons and guns, the Muslim warriors manning them ready to sacrifice their lives.
On August 19, Marahui fell, but the following day, Amai Pakpak and his forces reconsolidated and launched a fierce counterattack, proving that despite Marahui’s loss, the rest of Lanao was not about to give up. On August 21, 1891, the Spaniards launched a two-pronged attack. They bombarded the fort, overwhelming its defenders. Both sides sustained heavy casualties, though Amai Pakpak and his men who survived the onslaught eluded capture by retreating into the lake settlements. There, they regrouped. The Spaniards did not savor their initial victory for long. Three days later, the Muslims were back a bigger and more formidable force that compelled them to withdraw in their own redoubts in North Lanao.
Henceforth, the Muslims regularly staged lightning raids, in small units, against enemy settlements in southern Misamis Oriental and Iligan. This went on for four years. In time, the colonial government decided that if the stalemate were to end and the Muslim settlements around Lake Lanao subdued, the campaign on land should be bolstered by naval support a strategy that had found success elsewhere in Mindanao. Thus, a fleet of four steel-armed light gunboats was sent to the lake within a period of one year, from 1894 to
na ripatanay ripatan na ripatangkodn sa dar piyakandolon dolon ranona goso gagaw dabo matanto sa tig ka izandn si rinibon mindirondan sa lolot na ditabo khasanaan na ilaothaniyambo sa dana sinotaon ka rinibonakonyan da dami kapagayuni na obabo inisampay sa mribongka mribon dikanggiginawai na daana piragatan kaliwanago ragat kalangaso bangunan nagobo bangkorong maog i raramaga kanggaring.
Na inokowan ka dadn ka rinibonakonyan sa dadna sinokoron na didn irido sa dar ka baino miyaribon dikanggiginawai barakn bara sabap i sabapan sa ladka na phakatumangka mambo sa kiyandiribonka ka piphandapatanakn na rupa dita pagayon na makaphagalangta sa dyalnga madakl ka alnga dowatabo diyakongkabo kuris na diko ska suratan na izana sawang sa tig i bako ska masndod ko mala sa ginawangka
na ayapmana bnar apiyapn batumani miyaribon sa isa i kapnggiginawai na oso kipantakhoron na obgay so kadnan na ibuburodakndn karudan so ranongko na ragat so gagawakn sa rumbaa ladanka ka dingkapnka so bntal a dlgnay mngkosan a bayai marubaon na inoso kaplolot a daa iklasiyan sa dayon sa pakataman sa kagiya miyaribon kapnggiginawai na aya pzanaangko ko piyakandulonata a damalalyon sonor a damatatap suratan na badn miyariwada sa daa katigangkoron na kagya miyatangkd a miyakaplaoda kapngginawaita
na owana minibulog daliya sandata a miyabalona dapat data kapagayuni na pagilangasaanta sa dawakhadna sanang maliwanag ki ladan sa diyakomakaalang sa ginawa na pzorot sa lada pngginawai ka kagiya miyatantowa minggaringka sa isa na batadn pagayuni a omamboo khatantowa manggadongakowa taw na gowakoba plombay nagoka mambo dariday na surangata balai ka ronta pakaklasay miyathya rangkono ranon gagaw sa garing a daa iklasiyan a dayon sa pakataman ka an matangkd sa tig a dadna inikaogo kaiisa o bansa.
MAJOR DATU SALMAN M. SAAD
This young prince of Tugaya and Marogong deserves to be recognized by his tribesmen for his participation in the community and success his career as martial artist in the field of KARATE DO and later became successful Military man.
Born in Tugaya lanao del Sur and raised in Marogong Lanao del Sur to his parents Col. Papala Saad and Prof. Hadja Naima Mikunug Saad, School principal at Pandi a Ranao Elementary School, Tugaya Lanao del Sur, both his parents are scion of Tubaran, Marogong, Binidayan and Tugaya,
During his college life in Mindanao State University MSU, he joined the MSU Karate Club and became black belter and won for many Karate tournaments in the University and delegated by the Club and his colleagues to represent Marawi City to the first Philippine National Game, tournament for Karate do Championship, hold in Pasig City in in the year 1994. Salman Mikunug Saad is the first Iranaon/Maranao declared by the referees as National Champion in the field of Karate do followed by his co delegates, Lindy Gabriel and Daks Macapodi in the same event; He also won for many karate tournaments during his college days in Cagayan de Oro College from the PKF Club of CDO.
Salman M. Saad is a graduated BS Criminology at Cagayan De Oro College and certified Board Passer by the Philippine Regulatory Commission PRC prior for his approval in Philippine National Police. Aside from his duties and responsibilities as police Major, he was also delegated to the PNP National karate tournament and won as the first and only Iranaon-Maranao became national Champion in PNP Karate open Tournament and he was selected RP Team member to represent Philippine to the SEA Game in Thailand until now he is the undefeated and defending champion of PNP national Karate championship.
Being a genuine royal blood of Ranao, he was enthroned as Sultan Ampuan of the royal house of Tugaya in the year 2006 from the line of seven Maruhoms sons of Datu Amtak of Tugaya, he is also belong to the royalty of Masiu from the line of Datu Naib son of Maruhom Dialaloden who is a son Balindong Bsar and Pindawadawaoray, that was his succession right in the Sultanate of Masiu.
He receives awards from private and government organization, one of his awards first among the ten most outstanding Muslim youth of the Philippine in the year 2006. He is now serving Pantar and Magsaysay Lanao Del Norte as PNP Chief of Police and Current Director of Philippine Karate Federation PKF ARMM region.
In behalf of this Website and the People of Ranao, we are Proud for Iranaon like him.
ROYAL HOUSES OF LANAO
The Royal Sultanate Of Lanao
To the regular Filipino, the Sultanate System in Mindanao may seem so hard to understand and difficult to accept, the Sultanate system was the first centralized political bureaucracy in the Philippine archipelago. As state’s governance, it combines civil and religious authority, as the state in the pacific, it dominates trade and commerce and set the pace for others in social mores and ideas.
Indeed it has been very regrettable that some Filipino historians give only a few accounts, if any, of the heroism and bravery made by the Bangsamoro people and sultans, like Sultan Sarikula (1599) the fifth sultan of Maguindanao, Sultan Sharif Laut Buisan (1602) the sixth Sultan of Maguindanao, Sultan Muhammad Dipatuan Kudarat (1656), Datu Mamundog (1759) Darimbang Sultan of Raya in the battle of Radapan, Kauswagan, Lanao in 1889, Datu Akadir Amai Pakpak (1889) of the sultanate of Masiu and other sultans.
However, many respected historians: Filipino, foreigner and Bangsamoro have chronicled events that would affirm and substantiate the heroic struggles of the Bangsamoro Sultans.
The Sultanate of Lanao could be traced from the advent of two muslim brother missionaries Sharif Muhammad Kabungsuan and Sharif Muhammad Alawi who arrived in Mindanao in 1515. They later settled in Tagoloan, Misamis Oriental and the Sharif Kabungsuan in the present site of Malabang, Lanao, in the western coast of Mindanao after passing through Brunei, the sea-faring people from johore who accompanied Kabungsuan were called Jamal or erang Laut, Sharif Kabungsuan's blood relation with his followers who remained with him and aided him in the establishment of a Sultanate system and the support would be based more on the successful bringing of Islam among the heathen inhabitant of Mindanao and established the Sultanate of Maguindanao in the year 1520.
Sharif Muhammad Kabungsuan was the son of Ali Zein ul Abedin an Arab hailing from Hadhramout (Mecca) who settled in Johore where he married the daughter of Sultan Iskandar Julkarnain, the first sultan of Malacca. He arrived in Malabang in 1515 and married the daughter of Macaapun Rajah Simbaan of Malabang. Sharif Kabungsuan and her maranao wife Angintabo was blessed of two children, Sharif macaalang and her sister Daragat. Angintabo died,and Sharif Kabungsuan married Masawang niece of Angintabo, they begot eleven children one of them is Aloyodan and Layagun.
In 1543, Sharif Kabungsuan reached an old aged and he installed his first native Maranao son Sharif Macaalang as 2nd Sultan of Maguindanao in 1543-1574. Sharif Macaalang married Bae Ble and begot Sharif Bangkaya.
Sharif Bangkaya was enthroned as the 3rd Sultan of Maguindanao in 1574-1578, he ruled for a short period, Sharif Bangkaya married Bae sa Sulangan and begot Sharif Dimasangcay Adel. Dimasangcay Adel was enthroned as 4th Sultan of Maguindanao in 1579-1585. the Royal Datus and sultans of Lanao and Iranon were descendants of Dimasangcay Adel. Sharif Bangkaya begot four children to her second wife Bai Bezaton, the children’s were Datu sa Palao a Pekong , Rajah Muda a mala sa kalibo, Pinayongan Bae a labi of Rabaugon in Pagadian and Sharif Gugu Sarikula. In 1585- Sharif Sarikula was enthroned as fifth sultan of Maguindanao, he married a Sulu princess. Sharif Bangkaya begot two children and her 3rd wife Bae sa Matampay, such as Dakunug of Malabang and Sharif Laut Buisan. Sharif Laut Buisan was installed as 6th Sultan of Maguindanao in 1597, and was married to the sister of Sultan Batara Shah Tengah of Sulu. Sharif Laut Buisan begot Gayang and Muhammad Dipatuan Kudarat, Gayang was married of the grandson of Dimasangcay Adel, Sharif Matonding whose children's now the reigning Sultans and Bai Labi of Lanao while his brother Sharif Muhammad Kudarat was installed as 7th sultan of Maguindanao in 1619. In 1656 he reached declared a jihad against the Spanish colonialist. His sultanate was felt as far as Ternate in Indonesia and Borneo and in facts its power had reached the shore of Bohol, Cebu, Panay, Mindoro and Manila in north.
HISTORY OF ROYAL HOUSES OF LANAO
Sharif Bangkaya begot two children from her 3rd wife Bae sa Matampay namely, Dakunuq of Malabang and Sharif Laut Buisan. Sharif Laut Buisan was installed as 6th Sultan of Maguindanao in 1597, and was married to the sister of Sultan Batara Shah Tengah of Sulu. Shariff Laut Buisan begot Gayang and Muhammad Dipatuan Kudarat. Gayang was married to the grandson of Dimasangcay Adel- Sharif Matonding whose children reigned as the Sultans and Bai Labi of Lanao while his brother Sharif Muhammad Kudarat was installed as 7th Sultan of Maguindanao in 1619. In 1656 he declared a jihad against the Spanish colonialist. His Sultanate was felt as far as Ternate in Indonesia and Borneo and in fact its power reached the shores of Bohol, Cebu, Panay, Mindoro and Manila in north.
Spanish conquest of Lanao
In 1637 Sebastean Hurtado-de Curcuera decided to send an expedition to subdue the Datus and the people of Lake Lanao. As early as September 1637 he had promised the lake area to the Jesuits, who would get the same the moment it was conquered.
The conquest of the Maranaos was entrusted to Captain Francesco Atienza, the Alcalde Mayor of Caraga. With fifty Spaniards and give hundred Caragans, the captain landed in Bayug, then proceeded to the Maranao territory, reaching the lake on 4 April 1639. There were about 2,000 families or 800 inhabitants. The Spaniards brought with them six collapsible boats that they fitted out in the lake.
The Datus of Lanao initially offered allegiance to the Spaniards. They promised tribute and accepted the missionaries, what appeared ominous to the Spaniards was the movement of inhabitants into the interior at the same time. The Maranaos could easily muster 6,000 warriors from among the four confederation of Lanao. Lack of firearms though was their disadvantage. Governor Al Monte dispatched Major Pedro Fernandez del Rio with seventy Spaniards and 500 Visayans to join with the forces of Atienza. The expedition had to pass through the area of Butig where Sharif Matonding an Iranon Datu married to Gayang, a sister of Sultan Kudarat, engaged the colonizers. After a most difficult passage made by the fierce resistance of Sharif Matonding, Pedro del Rio made it to the shores of the lake where he join the forces of Atienza. In the middle of April Atienza and part of his troops left for Bayug and fortified it with a stockade and sailed for Caraga.
In October of the same year, an additional force of fifty Spaniards and five hundred Boholanos arrived under the command of Captain Pedro Bermudez de Castro who had orders to build a fort in Marawi to establish Spanish sovereignty.
Sultan Kudarat visited his son in laws in Lanao- Balindong Bzar and Dianaton of Butig. He gathered the Datus of Lanao and delivered a speech in this form:
"What have you done? Do you realize what subjection would reduce you to? A toilsome slavery under the Spaniards! Turn your eyes to the subject nations and look at the misery to which such glorious nation had been reduced to, look at the Tagalog and Visayan: Are you better than they? Do you think that the Spaniards consider you of better stuff? Have you not seen the Spaniards trample them under their feet? Do you not see everyday how they are obliged to work at the oars and the factories with all their rigor? Can you tolerate anyone with little Spanish blood to best you up and grasp the fruits of your labor? Allow your selves to be subjects (today) and tomorrow you will be at the oars? I, at least will be a pilot, the biggest favor they will allow a chief. Do not let their sweet words deceive you; their promises facilities their deceits, which little by little, enable them to control everything. Reflect on how even minor promises as to the chief of other nations were not honored until they become master of them all. See now what is being done to these chief and how they are being led by rod."
The Maranaos took up arms against the newly built fort. They used indigenous means to get at the fort and set it on fire. Three of the Spanish boats, brought form Bayug were captured. Atienza formed a relief expedition and saved the Spaniards. The Maranao warriors after 29 days of siegeleft their position. Afraid to experience once more the horrors of siege, they proceeded to burn their their own fort and made a retreat back to Iligan. In 1640 Atienza tried once more to conquer the Maranaos. For the second time, the Spaniards burned the fields and retired to the coast, but not without losing some men on the way due to ambushes. The second attempt to colonize and Christianize the Maranaos had utterly failed. In payment for their freedom however, the Maranaos lost their harvest.
Birth of the Sultanates in Lanao
In 1671 Sultan Dipatuan Kudarat return to the grace of Allah and the sultanate of Maguindanao started to declining and datus of Iranon and the Maranaos gradually stop their support to the Sultanate of Maguindanao.
In Lanao, the Maranaos started to be acquainted with the sultanate system in the 15th century thru the influence of Sharif Kabungsuan, who was enthroned as first Sultan of Maguindanao in 1520, In 1640 Balindong Bzar of Masiu became the first Maranao Chieftain enthroned as Sultan, with specific title as Sultan as Sultan Diagaborolah. He was charged to enforce the teaching of Islam and the law and order in Lanao. On the same year Sultan Diagaborolah consulted the seven Maranao Datus on how to govern Lanao. They were Dianton Naim of Butig. Datu Burus of Pagayawan, Datu Ottawa of Ditsaan, Datu Acari of Ramain, Embaor of Bansaya, Engki-Okoda of Minitupad, Alanake of Baloi. The eight wise man (including Balindong Buzar) agreed to create the four confederation of Lanao (Pat a Pangampong a Ranao) composed of the State of Masiu, Butig, Bayabao and Baloi, and on the second level, the 15 Royal houses (Panoroganan) and the 28 legislative body (Pyakambaya ko Taritif). The socio-political system was based on the Taritib, laws, Ijma, customary laws, and adapted practices of the Maranaos. The Pangampong state was further divided into smaller socio-political units. Within the four state is a total 43 Ingud communities classified into 15 Royal Houses (Panoroganans), and 28 supporting Ingud or Legislative Houses called Piyacambaya ko Taritib (Decider of Laws).
The Taritib, an ancient order or law bound together the four states or principality of Lanao into an alliance or confederation and defined their relationships. There is no central, all powerful authority but every state or principality respected the traditional alliance termed Kangiginawai.
One problem that beset the Sultanate of the four confederation of Lanao was the identification of ancestral land area (Kawali) of each State (Pangampong). They were consequently defined by Datu Pascan of Unayan, Datu Popawan of Bayabao, Amiyanon Simban of Masiu and Datu Dilion of Baloi. The agreement known as "Kiatathamana-an" declineated the areas as: Dalama, located in the municipality of Molondo, the boundary between Bayabao and East Masiu; Sawenn Masiu municipality the boundary between East Masiu municipality and East Unayan T Madamba municipality, the boundary between West Unayan and West Masiu; and Bacayawan in Marantao municipality, the boundary between west Masiu and Bayabao. Suprisingly, there is no identified boundary between Bayabao and Baloi but the reason is that both Pangampong lineage come from the same family tree. Under the Kiangginawai (friendship) their boundary need not be established.
In 1754, the maranos kept on increasing their maritime strength and accelerated their attacks on the Spaniards. Leyte and Calamianes bore part of the brunt of their attacks. About nine hundred Maranaos once landed in Albay and captured more than a hundred inhabitants. In Balayan, they looted everything they could lay their hands on. The Maranaos were thus greatly responsible for the abandonment of many settlements in the Visayas and the dislocation of the economic life of thousands of people. The Maranao made these attacks since most of the native troops used against them were Visayans. The events prompted the Spaniards to devise a more elaborate and effective naval system of defense. In 1557, the Iranuns and Maranaos accelerated their attacks on the Spaniards. There were frequent naval encounters between them and the Spaniards. In some of them, according to reports, thousands have perished.
In a span of four years, the Maranao raids on Visayas reduced the number of tributes to the Spanish government by at least 100,000. For example, figures showed that the district of Panay, it paid 1,500 tributes in 1750. By the year 1757 there only 500 tributes paid. In Romblon, the number of tributes went down from 1370 to 995, while in Kalibu (Capiz) it decreased from 1,164 to 549. Many coastal towns were totally destroyed and the visayan population was reduced considerably. In 1759 Datu Aber Palawan and his men attacked the Spanish squadron in the northern part of Mindanao. He was martyred and buried in Radapan, Lanao (now Tarapan, Linamon, Lanao del norte).
Gen. Valeriano Weyler, the Spanish Gov. General decided to deal with the Maranaos in 1889. He ordered his troops to land in Malabang to conquer the unconquered Maranaos. He had 1,242 soldiers in two columns. The first column started from Malabang while the second column started from Higan. (This two-pronged attack on Maranao territory from the northern and western parts of Mindanao was a reminiscent of of the 1639 campaign against Maranaos). Darimbang Sultan sa Raya Martyred in Kuswagan Lanao, After a bloody clashes, Marawi was occupied on August 19, but not without encountering strong resistance from the Maranaos led by Datu Amai Pakpak. In September 1891, Weyler finally terminated his campaign without actually conquered the Maranaos. In May 15, 1892, Pablo Pastel drafted the blue print for the temporal and spiritual conquest of the Sultanates in Philippines for the gradual reduction of the political and other powers of the Sultans, Datus, Sharif and Pamlitas in such a way that they would all eventually become powerless. The Spaniards considered them as the primary obstacle impeding the rapid progress of the degraded race in its march to civilization. On June 5, the Datus of Lanao cooperated in the fortification of the section around Agus River for their mutual defense. In February 1895, systematic Maranao attacks on the Spanish forst began. As a result, the Spanish invaders launched another Spanish expedition on March 10 of the same year to attack and capture Marawi, once and for all. The march to Marawi commenced. The Spaniards found themselves faced by strong cotta under the command of the same Amai Pakpak. The Maranao warriors fought with equal bravery but lost the war with the martyrdom of Datu Akader Amai Papak, his son, 23 datus and 150 Maranao warriors. The Spaniards lost 194 men. Abot 3,000 Spanish troops, and countless volunteer from Zamboaga, Mizamis and Sibugay were involved. This did not stop the Maranaos to continue fighting. The Spanish garrison in Marawi was in state of siege. Sporadic attacks on the garrison and ambushes become the order of the day. The Maranaos around the lake continued their resistance against the Spaniards even after gunboats were brought to Lake Lanao to launch a campaign against the communities around it. The Spaniards had to withdraw after their defeat in Manila Bay on May 1, 1896.
The American Regime and the Commonwealth
In 1899, the Sultans themselves led their people in fighting both the Spaniards and later, Americans. They all ended as martyrs along with their families and warriors. In 1889, the Americans landed in Malabang and occupied the Spanish camp without much fanfare and named it camp Concuera. Two years later, the Americans proceeded to the lake area but was met by Maranao warriors in Upper Bayang, Amai Barang, Mamarinta, Pitilan Sultan of Bayang and 300 warriors clashed with the Americans in a fierce battle. The Sultan and his men were crushed. The sultan perished but Capt. Vicar also died. (Their camp in Upper Bayang was named after him). In Tugaya Datu Saruang and many others also died fighting against the American forces coming to their place.
During the Commonwealth regime, Amai Manabilang of Marawi challenged the authority of Justice Cayetano Arellano in enforcing the government laws to the Maranaos. He led a campaign that Mindanao should be separated from the Philippines. The policy of attraction of the Americans in Lanao under under General Pershing offered empty promises to the Maranaos who felt that the government deprived them with the continued exercise of their traditional and cultural practices and interference to their religion, customs and traditions.
On March 18, 1935, one hundred twenty Datus of Lanao, with thirty Sultans signed a strongly worded letter, popularly known as "Dansalan Declaration" to U.S President Franklin Roosevelt and the U.S congress asking them that the Filipinos should be granted Independence and the Moro province should also be given their own independence or better left under American rule until such time that they were prepared to grant their independence to be known as Bangsamoro.
The Present Sultanates
The Sultanates in the Philippines at present have legally been disenfranchised and practically reduced to non-entities by a provision in the Philippines constitution prohibiting the grant of a title of nobility to a Filipino citizen. Interestingly, the same constitution provides respect for the local culture, traditions and practices. Many non-Muslims do not realize that the Sultans are not only temporal but also spiritual leaders. They are the symbols not only of their communities but also considered vicegerent followers of Allah in this world. It was the responsibility of the Sultans not only to defend their people and communities but also their religion – Islam. Among the Muslims, there is no way one can separate the Sultanate from their culture, tradition and religious practices. Once the Sultanate is destroyed everything goes along with it. A Muslim is a Muslim because he has his own identity in the Sultanate of which he is part and parcel. Without the Sultanate, he becomes a non-entity, a person with out identity or an anchor much like a rudderless boat being blown away any which way by every passing wind.
This in essence is the heart of the Mindanao problem and why it continues to fester like a wound that has turned cancerous. The government looks at the Mindanao problem as one of economics, peace and order, progress, education, and perhaps implicitly, religion. This may be partly true but the primary factor is the recognition of the rights of the Muslims for self-determination and respect for their own identity as a people with a unique culture and tradition and, for as long as the real solution to this Mindanao problem is not address, the situation will continue to widen. This is where the Royal Sultanate could play a very important role especially because by accepted tradition, his constituents respect and value his authority. For example, in the Preservation of Social Order.
Ø When there is no source of power except the Sultan, the community is stable. The Sultan has influence and command to impose and execute the highly respected Taritib and Ijma.
Ø When a dispute happens and the Sultan is not personally available to settle it, he can simply send his Tobao (scarf Headdress) through his emissary and it would be enough to make the parties stay "in suspended the animation" and wait until he arrives to settle their dispute.
Ø The Sultan has the power to ask anyone within his territory to come for questioning, for punishment if he committed an offense or for anything that is for the interest of his people. He only needs to beat his gong and it is enough for the people to come him.
Ø When a buffalo is stolen by a person from another area, it becomes his duty to recover and restore it to the owner.
Ø When conflicts between Sultanates occur, it was the duty of another Sultan to come and talk to them for peaceful settlement. The common practice used by the Sultan in settling Ridos even until now is tracing the family lineage of the conflicting parties with the ultimate end that both parties will realize that they are relatives either by affinity or by consanguinity. Kambabatabata-a (blood relations) Kapamagongowa (friendship) Kapamagadata (respect), and other relationships of the forefathers are being recalled. In most cases, disputes are resolved with tears flowing from the persons witnessing or present in the scene.
The 16 Ruling Royal Sultanates in Lanao
The original number of the ruling Royal Sultands of Lanao was only fifteen (15). It is now increased to sixteen (16) with the creation of Sultan sa Domalondong sa Butig in Pangampong a Unayan. Hence, it was recently renamed as 16 "Panoroganans of Lanao". A "Pangampong" is a principality where the head is addressed as his Royal Highness (HRH). Since the title of a Sultan becomes now a "common commodity" in Lanao, the 16 Royal Sultans agreed to call themselves as "Panoroganan" instead of "His Royal Highness" in order to be fitting to the Maranao dialect and make them different from the other Sultans in Lanao.
The Panoroganans are the ones entitled to approve or disapprove the Taritib, Ijmas and Adats in their respective Pangampong. This gave them the title as Royal Highness or now localized as "Panoroganans". They also created the 28 "Piakambaya ko Taritib" (ruled by a Sultan but not Royal Sultan) that is seemingly similar to a legislative council or body that formulates the Taritib and Ijma which are distributed by pangampong.
The places under each of the "Pat a Pangmpong a Ranao" are:
1.Pangampong a Masiu covers the municipalities of Molondo, Taraka, Tamparan, Masiu, Wato Balindong, Tugaya, Bacolod Kalawi, Madalum.
2.Pangampong a Unayan covers the south of lake Lanao strictly from the Buldon, Barira, Matanog, Parang of Sharif Kabunsuan province and the long coastal area parallel to Illana Bay going to northern up to Zamboaga, Lanao border. In Lanao del Sur, it include Butiq, Domalondong, Lumayanague, Lumbatan, Bayang, Tubaran, Binidayan, Marogong, Ganassi, Pualas, Madamba, Calanogas, Kapatangan, Balabagan and Malabang. In Lanao del Norte, it includes Kormatan, Kapatagan, Lala and Tubod.
3.Pangampong Bayabao is presently composed of the Municipalities of Ditsaan Ramain, Bubong, Buadipusa-Buntong, Kapai, Marantao, Saguiran, Maguing, Bumbaran, Wao, Lumba-Bayabao, Poona-Bayabao, Piagapo in Lanao del Sur and the city of Marawi.
4.Pangampong a Baloi consists of the municipalities of Pantar, Tangoloan I, Kapai, Baloi, Pantao Ragat, Poona Piagapo, Tangkal, Magsaysay, Kauswagan, Linamon, Bacolod, Maigo and Kolambogan in Lanao del Norte and Iligan City.
MANY FILIPINOS TODAY think that to be a Sultan is a position strewn with beds of roses. While this romantic notion was true in ancient times when the sultan wielded enormous power and even appoints ambassadors and emissaries to foreign lands, in our day it becomes more of a burden. Many royal houses in fact have folded and some others have the barest minimum of courtiers, operating on a skeletal setup. Only the sheer determination and dedication of the royal family and their loyal subjects keep it from closing shop.
The passing of an era has been eloquently captured, albeit lamentably, by a reigning Sultan of Sulu, Moh’d. Hadji Jamalul Dalus Kiram III: “It is like a joke of history when once upon a time Ambassadors from the Court of St. James of England, the Celestial Empire of China and other Great Powers pay tribute to the Sultan of Sulu at his ancestral Palace in Darul Jambangan, Maimbung, Sulu, which is now a depressed area needing rehabilitation.”
Too often, to add leverage to his influence, the Sultan himself holds on to a government position—whether appointed or elected—to augment what nominal power he can dispense. This has been how many royalties in Mindanao have survived in the modern era. As witnessed in the last election, no less than the Sultan of Sulu tried his hand on national politics by running for the senate at the prodding of the Arroyo administration with uncalled for result.
For many years, political planners have been shrugging off the influence of the royalties as a dead angle in shaping the future of the country especially the South. Even rebel movements like the MNLF and the MILF and most religious groups tried to do away with the royalties of Sulu, Maguindanao and Lanao. But lately there has been a renaissance.
The potential of the royalties in swiftly ending disputes, even blood feuds at that or rido had been tapped successfully in many instances. The royalties effectively rally the people in social works, even mediating on marriages, inheritance disputes and facilitating local development infrastructures by the government when the locality are not too convinced of the motives.
Sultan Topann Ditaul Disomimba, the reigning Sultan of Masiu in Lanao echoed the trend: “It has been realized by everyone that the Sultanates cannot be dispensed with. We are the missing link in our troubled nation. The Royalties must be revived not for nostalgic reason but as our anchor of the past and for the stability of our future. True, in the constitution no royalty is recognized, but that doesn’t mean we have to jettison our heritage. We have to take the lead of Japan, Malaysia, and the European countries. In Japan, no matter how modernized they are, they always look upon their past. It is manifested in their households and the treatment they accord their royalties.”
The government seemed to sense the latent potential of the old royalties. For instance, President Gloria Arroyo recently created the Lanao Advisory Council that empowers the 16 Royal Houses of Lanao to make a study and recommendations on the promotion of peace and development in their area. She has issued Executive Order 602 establishing the Council that would advise her on issues and problems affecting the constituents of the affected Royal Houses. This development appears experimental for now and if found successful it could also take foothold in Sulu, Maguindanao and other places.
The Sultanate of Sulu
The Sultanate of Sulu is the best known and oldest Sultanate in the Philippines. The Genealogy of the Sulu Royal Families, written by Sururul-Ain Ututalum and Abdul-Karim Hedjazi, traced the close relationship between the royals of Brunei and Sulu. In the 1500s, Brunei Sultan Bolkiah was married to Sulu Princess Putri Laila, granddaughter of Shariful Hashim, first sultan of Sulu. In the late 1600s, when Sultan Muaddin of Brunei was threatened by rebellion, he turned to his kin in Sulu for help. The rebellion was quelled. As a reward, the Brunei sultan gave resource-rich Sabah to the sultan of Sulu.
The Sultanate had been a sovereign nation, recognized by both the Spanish and American colonizers. The colonizers entered into treaties with the Sultan. Between the 16th and 19th century, only about a dozen assaults were successfully launched by the Spanish Audiencia operating from FortSantiago in Manila. Earlier, attempts of subjugation were made by the Srivijaya Empire, the Madjapahit, and Ming Empires. The British, French, German, and Portuguese tried also. In all these long struggles, the Spanish Walled City of Jolo was the only part of the territory of the Royal Sultanate of Sulu that was taken and garrisoned by the Spaniards which only lasted for about 31 years.
A reigning Sultan is Paduka Maulana Mahashari, Al Sultan Moh. Hadji Jamalul Dalus Kiram III.
He is the eldest son of the late Sultan Punjungan Kiram. He’s from the direct lineage of the first Sultan of Sulu, Sultan Shariful Hashim from the Bano-Hashimite tribe. He is married to Dayang Hadja Fatima Celia H. Kiram.
He acted as “Interim Sultan” during the absence of his father Sultan Punjungan Kiram while in Sabah (1974- 1981) and proclaimed in 1984 as 33rd Sultan of Sulu and was crowned on June 15, 1986 in Jolo, Sulu. However, there are contrary opinions on who is the true Sultan of Sulu. When Sultan Punjungan left Sulu to live in Sabah, the Ruma Bechara installed Sultan Esmail Kiram. In 1962, Sultan Ismail Kiram and his Ruma Bichara (literally “House of Talk,”, the equivalent to the Cabinet) transferred sovereign rights over Sabah to the Philippine government on condition that the government would pursue the Sabah claim. The resolution signed by Sultan Ismail also stipulated that if the Philippine government fails to recover Sabah, the Sultanate would be free to assert sovereignty over Sabah.
When sultan Esmail died, his son and Crown Prince, Mahakuttah, was enthroned. Mahakuttah proclaimed his son, Datu Muedzul-lail Crown Prince. The latter has proclaimed himself sultan in ceremonies conducted two years ago. In 1993, Princess Denchurain Kiram, then the oldest of the surviving private heirs to Sabah, acknowledged three claimants to the throne: Datu Muedzul-Lail, Datu Terona al-Shariff Kiram, nephew of Princess Tarhata Kiram, the recognized Queen of the Sultanate for five decades and Sultan Aguimoddin Abidin, son of Sultan Jainal Abidin.
To revive the international stature of the Sultanate of Sulu, Kiram III forged the century-old relationships between Sulu and China during the royal visit in Dezhou, Shandong Province, PR China in September 1999 with 87-man entourage. The visit concluded with the signing of the agreement between HebeiProvince and the Sulu Sultanate on agricultural technology exchange.
The Maguindanao Sultanate
The Old Sultanate of Maguindanao was given new impetus lately when Datu Amir Baraguir, a writer cum historian, was crowned to the royal throne as Seri Paduka Sultan Sayyid Hadji Datu Amir bin Muhammad Baraguir. Baraguir, thus, became the 25th Sultan of Maguindano on December 12, 2005.
Baraguir was the third son of the late Sultan Muhammad G. M. Baraguir and Bai Fatima Carmen Andong. He traces his roots from the Maguindanao’s 3 royalties, namely, Maguindanao, Buayan, and Kabuntalan.
Baraguir lamented that contemporary sultans have had “little else to do” than acting as “symbols of unity for those whose traditional and historical moorings are still intact, and in serving in limited capacity as a patron of Maguindanaoan arts, culture and tradition.”
Although, Baraguir had some high hopes he commented that the royalty cannot appropriately address the problems besetting the community like poverty, education, and peace because they were reduced to no more than ceremonials. But Sultan Baraguir insisted that this state of affair need not continue. The royal leadership said in his speech on becoming the new sultan can be a catalyst in pursuit of Maguindanao’s right to self determination without having to uproot the present political setup.”
Unfortunately, before Sultan Baraguir could put prime his projects he was gunned down by masked gunmen on his way home on January 12, 2006, cutting short his reign for just a month.
Moro Times were able to interview the Sultan’s brother Datu Khalikuzaman Baraguir to give his assessment on the present status of the Sultanate.
When asked if he was ready to succeed his brother, Datu Khalikuzaman, the Provincial Director of the Department of Trade and Industry in Maguindanao only grinned. He said that “there are five criteria which must be present before one can be crowned a Sultan, and I think this equally apply to any Royalty, wherever. They are: Nobility, which means blood lineage; knowledge, which is breeding and high education; wealth, which is financial, an ability to financial run a court; aura, which is personality; and rupawan or authority.”
The Baraguirs came from a long line of the Masturas. Datu Baraguir himself was the grandson of Mastura. His father was Datu Mamadra, known as “Wata Mama sa Maguindanao,” the eldest son of Mastura by one of his wives, Sarifa Atik, sister of Sharif Ampatuan. He died earlier than the father. On his mother side, Baraguir is descended from Rajah Toa, brother of the Datudacula I of Sebogay (the current being Datu Dacula VI). Amerol Parti is one of the sons of Datudacula I. His brother was the Sultan Ontong, the regal name of Sultan Kudaratullah Djamalol Alam Ontong. Ontong was named after Sultan Kudarat, so he was referred to in written records as Sultan Kudarat II. Amerol Parti, who was also known as “Mama sa Sulog” had a daughter Bae Ikog who marrief Datu Mamadra, and out of the marriage came Datu Baraguir.
The Sultanate of Masiu
The reign of Topaan Ditual Disomimba as Sultan of Masiu is a manifestation of the reworking of the royalties in the Southern Philippines to give it a positive posture in the modern age. No longer are datus confined to the métier of their courts. They have to reach out to their people if they do not wish to be relegated to the periphery.
Sultan Disomimba is one of the exponents of the new movement. He was named after a great, great ancestor Amaloya Topaan who had married Potri Kaizadan, who herself was the granddaughter of Sharif Kabungsuwan by his third wife, Bae Mazawang. As a young man Topaan Disomimba was trained in the court of his father, Datu Palawan, who was then the Datu-a Cabugatan of the Royal House of Masiu. His apprenticeship gave him a close-up observation of the proceedings of the court, the action of the courtiers, and the mechanics of the ijma and tartib, and how justice is dispensed. In 1991 when the elder Palawan died, Topaan had to take the mantle. He is the only male among eight children. He became mayor of the town of Tamparan in 1992, following the footsteps of his father Datu Palawan who had held the post for 30 years who also became Vice Governor of Lanao del Sur. In the just concluded election, Sultan Disomimba, after completing a 3-term, is succeeded by his wife Bae Norhaniza Janaree Macapundag Pundato.
The Sultanate of Masiu is the most documented royalty around LakeLanao. It was founded by Balindong Bezar, after the successful retake of Lamitan (Ramitan) near Baraas along the IllanaBay by the redoubtable Sultan Kudarat. At the time, Balindong Bezar was a young man awed by the prowess of his uncle-in-law. Balindong had married Bae Pindaw (Pindawa-dawa Oray is the longer name), daughter of Bae Gayang Mupat, sister of Kudarat and wife of Amatonding a Noni. Since Balindong is the son of Paramata Adir, cousin of Amatonding, that makes Balindong and Bae Pindaw second cousins. As soon as Kudarat has reestablished himself back to power, the young Balindong, getting his spur, lay stake on his claim on a vast tract of land that included a sweep of the towns around Lanao and down along the shorelines of Panguil Bay.
The reigning Sultan Disomimba and the 16 Royal Houses of Lanao had organized the 1st Conference of the Royal Sultanates on Unified and Effective Governance on August 27, 2003 in Manila. A 2nd Conference is in the offing which will touch on the peace and economic development in Mindanao to be held in Davao sometime in early February, 2008.
Claims to the Sultanates
In the wake of the branching out of the royal lineage over the centuries, many of the Sultanates are disputed especially in cases where the succession of male progeny had been broken for quite sometime.
Does this development hamper the working of the Sultanates?
The incumbent Sultan of Masiu, Topaan Dsimomba does not think so. “I’m not alarmed at all by the rival claims to the Sultanates. This is in fact, a healthy situation,” Disomimba said. “It only goes to show a resurgence of interest in the old titles. I myself don’t mind, as long as everyone works for a common good. What is bad is when people just sit on their title and sleep on it.”<v:imagedata src="file:///C:DOCUME~1AdminLOCALS~1Tempmsohtml1
......BOLOS KANO SA MARINAO......
MIPHASA SA KADATU ! Written by Datu Ontay Song by Jasab 06 BWB family
Please stop votes buying, stop selling your vote!
Kapudiin ka ginawangka, kapudiin ka so madakul a tao, kapudiin ka so ingud ka, itarug so kapapasa sa boto.
KULINTANG A KAPRNDAGAN, Played by Datu Ontay during the event of Lumbatan International Association, March 1. 2019,
KAP'RNDAGAN TUNE, giya e kakolintang a kaprundagan, kapangoba sabap ko sakit sa ginawa ago rata a ginawa.
Maranao Kulingtang is music of Happiness, it describes the music of Iranaon soul.
......FACEBOOK LIKE BUTTON......
Our purpose of doing this task is to strengthening the bangsa moro nation. To fulfill our forefather dreams of having a meaningful bangsa moro identity in our mother land, to make our fellow Muslim understand the importance of having solidarity and closeness among us, to avoid discrimination and minimize feudal clan among us, so that we are nation with a purpose
Manga bangsa mi ko pat a adel a gaus ko Ranao, ago sa pragatan a tunday a pagilidan. Aya kiataonga mi sa darpa aya na ogop ago panagontaman sa kapakamoayan o andang a di kanggiginawai o manga lokes tano, na obaon misabap a mapakarayag iyan so miakalogao a di kanggiginawai, na mapakarani nian so miakawatan a katotonganaya,
Aya kiapamagosaya mi saya ko manga gogodan na ipagogop ko thatanggisa sa kakunala nian ko madaseg iyan a miapakawatan o politika, na aya mala na makaogop sa kapakaito o rido ko orian o katokawi ko kaiisa isa o manga apoapoan tano na mikasoy so munang a inagao o manga sarowang a tao,
Giyangkai a kapamagosaya saya ko kaiisa isa o bangsa na aya hadap saya na ipagogop ko kakunala sa so manga muslim sa Pilimpinas na isa a paka poonian, banian magakot so kaiisa isa o bangsa sa kipamayandegen ko kabnar o bangsa tano, na aya mala na mapamola rektano so babaya tano ko ped tano, ka pitharo o Nabi Mohammad S.A.W. a diden maka paratiyaya so pithanggisa rekano taman sa dinian ikababaya ko pagarinian so lagid o ipukababaya iyan sa ginawa nian.
PATOT A KAMBANTAI SAYA
isaini a pamagogopaan o manga datu tanu sa Marawi sa ditanto kitabolog o manga simukut sa City a Marawi
This website is owned by Datu Ontay M. Abdulmadid and his home town Marogong Lanao del sur, and dedicated to all people of Unayan, and it is now consider as Iranaon (Mranao) royal website, most articles made in this website is originally from the research and ideas of our webmasters, Saad, Alex and Datu Ontay, some articles are submitted to us by a friends. We never copied other website articles without asking permission to the site owner, and we stated the source of our articles for the legitimacy of our articles.
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YOURS DATU ONTAY
The Sarimanok is a legendary bird of the Maranao people who originate from Mindanao, a major island in the Philippines. It comes from the words "sari" and "manok." "Sari" means cloth or garment, which is generally of assorted colors. Manòk is a Philippine word for chicken.
It is the legendary bird that has become a ubiquitous symbol of Maranao art. It is depicted as a fowl with colorful wings and feathered tail, holding a fish on its beak or talons. The head is profusely decorated with scroll, leaf, and spiral motifs. It is said to be a symbol of good fortune
The Sarimanok is derived from a totem bird of the Maranao people, called Itotoro. According to the Maranao people, the Itotoro is a medium to the spirit world via its unseen twin spirit bird called Inikadowa.
The Sarimanok is also believed to have originated from an Islamic legend. According to the legend, Muhammad found a rooster in the first of the seven heavens. The bird was so large its crest touched the second heaven. Its crow roused every living creature except man. Judgement day would come once this celestial rooster ceased to crow
A Maranao legend also says of a Sultan's daughter being swept by a colorful rooster that became a handsome young man and they were never seen ever again. The Sultan then created replicas of the bird to remember his daughter by
.....ONTAY & MAROGONG ADS.....
Madait a kapumbantoe tano ko manga ONOR sa Ranao na ipangorao ami rukano si Potre Monalindao a bangsatano sa Ranao kaisa sukaniyan a mitiardi na mimbilingatao ko kapusumpada ko dadabitan o Iranaon na mananagontaman ko gii kisariat'n ko dikakulas o paparangayan o Mranao (We recommend Potre Monalindao for any traditional occasions in Ranao and for royal gathering)
Iranaons/Maranao are well-known for the aspects of Culture and arts, they gained more prominence in the field of martial arts when the MSU Karate Club successfully garnered three gold Medals and one silver in the 1994 first Philippine National Games – the first time Iranaon/Maranao gained these elusive awards in sports, and up to the present time the club still gaining good records.
In the name of Sport and Martial Arts, Iranaons/Maranao exceed on it and became more and more prominences when the young prince of Marawi in the good name of Datu Revie Saber Sani (son of Sultan Duma S. Sani and grandson of late Mamitua Saber, Radiamuda sa Marawi) won Champion in the international karate competitions like the 2003 8th karate games of the Adriatic in Italy, 2003 8th Czech open karate championship in Czech Republic, 2005 Asian Karate championship in Hong-Kong, China and the 23rd South East Asian Games (SEAGAMES). Datu Revie S. Sani is the first Iranaon/Maranao became member of Republic of the Philippine Team (RP-TEAM) for International Competition in the field of Karatedo, and present President of FIMAA Jeddah Saudi Arabia. The Iranaons/Maranao. would someday proven champion in the prestigious of the Olympics as my father’s longstanding dream, Datu Revie said in his Interview.